A micromechanical model to study failure of polymer-glass syntactic foams at high strain rates

Adel Shams

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Tandon School of Engineering Polytechnic Institute of New York University, Six MetroTech Center, Brooklyn, NY 11201, USA

Andrea Panteghini, Lorenzo Bardella

DICATAM, Faculty of Engineering, University of Brescia, Via Branze, 4325123, Brescia, Italy

Maurizio Porfiri

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Tandon School of Engineering Polytechnic Institute of New York University, Six MetroTech Center, Brooklyn, NY 11201, USA

Abstract

Syntactic foams are lightweight composite materials that find extensive application as core materials for sandwich panels in marine and aerospace structures. While several models have been proposed to analyze the elastic response and failure of these composites at small strain rates, the understanding of syntactic foam behavior at high strain rates remains elusive. In this work, we simulate the response of polymer-glass syntactic foams under high strain rate compressive loading conditions, by using a three-dimensional micromechanical model consisting of fifty hollow spheres randomly dispersed in the matrix material. The mechanical response of the matrix is described by generalizing a phenomenological viscoplastic constitutive model from the literature to the three-dimensional stress state. The filler behavior is assumed to be linear elastic until brittle failure, which is predicted on the basis of a structural criterion for glass microballoons. The collapse of the first glass microballoon is hypothesized to trigger failure of the whole composite. Such a micromechanical model is implemented in the commercial finite element code ABAQUS. We focus on glass-vinyl ester syntactic foams and perform a parametric study to elucidate the roles of strain rate, microoballoon density, and microoballoon volume fraction on the compressive modulus, strain energy, and effective strength. Comparisons between model findings and available experimental data are presented to assess the accuracy of the proposed numerical model. Our results enable the study of syntactic foam behavior at high strain rates, for a wide range of strain rates, microoballoon densities, and microoballoon volume fractions. This knowledge is expected to aid in the design of lightweight composite materials subjected to high strain rate compressive loading.

Author Keywords: Effective strength; Finite element model; High strain rates; Inelastic deformation; Micromechanical model; Syntactic foam